Fuel Efficiency of Hybrid Vehicles

The Fuel Efficiency Concept Behind Hybrid Vehicle Production

Maximizing fuel efficiency with a hybrid vehicle (HV) promises more miles per gallon than other fuel efficient cars. When shopping for a HV model, you will find some variation between front vs. real-wheel drive. Check the specifications on an auto and test drive to ensure that you have made the right city or all-terrain choice in a vehicle.

What is a Hybrid Vehicle ?

A hybrid vehicle combines standard combustion engine propulsion system components with and electric propulsion system. Conversion of power from conventional engine systems to electric propulsion means more flexibility and cost savings in fuel.

Electric powertrain supported HV or hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) are designed to optimize performance of both power elements, adding efficiency to regenerative braking. Regenerative braking produces kinetic energy that is in turn used to charge the car battery so that heat that would normally be lost by a conventional vehicle is retained.

Sustainable motor-generator technology is used to recharge the battery, and power electric drive motors in hybrid vehicles. Internal combustion engines (ICE) powered by electricity allow for the driver to reduce emissions associated with idle and start of a car. Aftermarket conversion kits make it possible to transform stock petroleum vehicles to hybrid electric vehicles.

The Fuel Efficiency Concept

Competitive advantage sought in the promotion of fuel efficiency has long served as the concept behind hybrid vehicle production. Since the late 20th century when Toyota and Honda both launched mass production of HEV models on the market, competitors have actively worked toward improved fuel efficiency in an effort to substitute their leadership in the segment.

Fuel efficiency is cited in auto manufacturing regulatory legislation as solution to control of carbon emissions normally caused by catalytic converters. In Q1Y13 global HV auto sales exceeded 5 million units.

Benefits of Hybrid Vehicles

The benefits of a combined gasoline and electric motors configured to maximize fuel economy, and enhance power is furthered by a communications, entertainment, and maintenance support system in auxiliary power than can be used for charging electronic devices and power tools.

Electric motors are powered by way of the HEV electric brake system. HEV electric motors power the engine so that it can in accelerate in climbing, and reduce energy waste during low-speed driving conditions when standard ICE are least efficient. Automatic start and shut-off in HEV is yet another way that hybrids reduce wasted power.

Alternate HV Fuel Sources

In addition to HEV hybrid models, auto manufacturers have come out with a number of alternate energy source hybrid vehicles in the past decade. Free piston engines, for example, generate electricity better than fuel cells. Fuel sources such as biofuel, bioethanol and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG).

Ford has introduced a series of hybrids efficient in conversion of both biofuel and bioethanol fuels. Chevrolet’s Volt plug-in hybrid electric vehicle is a flex-fuel car with electric hybrid efficient adaptation, using ethanol or biodiesel conversion depending on national market. LPG consumption is now offered in some HV models such as the Hyundai Elantra LPI Hybrid.