Vehicle Types and Features
A Look at Various Vehicle Types and Features
The automotive world has blossomed into an expansive industry which operates on a global level and contains thousands of different makes and models of vehicles which are often classified by their size or purpose. With that in mind, here is a look at the most common categories of vehicles based on their design and the various features which are found within a particular group.
- Sedan. There is no such thing as a standard car but, if there was, the sedan would fit that bill. It is characterized by a three-box configuration with A,B & C pillars, meaning that it has three distinct areas for engine, passengers and cargo. An easy way to distinguish a sedan is the protruding rear end similar to the front end. Almost all sedans have two rows of seats and the storage space is located at the back with the engine in the front.
- Hatchback. Another common vehicle type, the hatchback uses a two-box configuration which means that it dedicates the same area for passenger and cargo space. The backside is flatter than a sedan and is accessible via rear door that swings upwards.
- Station wagon. There are a lot of similarities between a station wagon and a hatchback in terms of design and features. However, a station wagon is longer and more spacious and usually has three rows of seats for increased passenger capacity. Typically, a station wagon has a flexible configuration and the third row of seats can be folded down in order to prioritize storage space over passenger capacity.
- SUV. The true SUVs, also known as sports utility vehicles, are characterized by being genuine off-road vehicles with four-wheel drive. As a result, they also have a boxy design and a high ground clearance. However, the popularity of the SUV for regular driving has given rise to the Crossover SUV which retains many design characteristics, yet is better fitted for road driving and features a lower ground clearance.
- Sports car. Sports cars are not clearly defined, but refer mostly to vehicles which are designed for high performance and, as such, come with powerful engines, high maneuverability and minimum weight. They are also commonly two-seaters.
- Minivan. Minivans are also commonly referred to as "people carriers" because their main priority is offering large passenger capacities. In that regard, they resemble station wagons, although minivans are taller for increased room and the largest ones can seat up to eight people.